GAMBLING HISTORY – THE BRITISH VIEWPOINT
Traditionally, the rich have won their fortune on horse racing and cockfights, while the lower classes bet against each other in dice like Hazard. For a while, government agencies have tried to control people’s guess habits. King Henry VIII banned gambling aloud because he believed that he diverted his soldiers from their duties.
Ironically, King Henry’s daughter, Queen Elizabeth I, allowed the first National Lottery of England in 1569 to increase tax revenues. The first jackpot offer was £ 5,000 and immunity from arrest for small crimes. James, I let the Virginia Company finance their expeditions by lotteries, and Charles allowed his hijackers to make lots to finance London’s water supply.
During the industrial revolution horse riding became a British national pastime for racing on designated play centers; however, while the government tolerated such bets under aristocracy, gambling among the poor was still criminalized. When rich people started betting on the stock market, the lower classes were still limited to playing their illegal pitch and throwing games in pubs.
Gambling ban in the United States
Anti-gambling sentiment grew in the early 1800s through a series of events, including various high-profile betting fraud, corrupt lotteries and a spread of literature that protrudes on immorality. To address this concern, Parliament approved the Gaming Act of 1845 and the 1853 Betting Act, which has banned most opportunities for commercial gambling. On-course bets were still allowed in horse breeds, but only rich citizens could afford to attend these events. That’s why most gambling activities went to the streets. Although the 1906 Strait Act further criminalized gambling in public, enforcement was difficult and ultimately ineffective. Meanwhile, irregular gambling has led to an increase in other crimes.
In the early 1900s, two Royal Commissions on Lotteries and Betting were set up to determine how gambling should be regulated to reduce crime and increase government revenues. Their recommendations led to new gambling legislation in 1960, which allowed legal bet in licensed stores under government supervision.
Modern Gambling in the United States
Until 2007, advertising for casinos and other gaming institutions was very limited. Only small text ads were allowed, and bets had to shield their buildings from the public eye. The Gaming Board for Great Britain was formed in the sixties to further regulate casinos, arcades and bingo chefs.
An important shift began in the mid-1990s by the creation of the National Lottery in 1994 and the rise of the internet. Threatened by government competition and online gaming companies, casino and betting officials were in favor of loose rules. These efforts culminated in the transfer of the 2005 Gambling Act, thus promoting advertising as long as operators include measures to address problem gambling in their offices.
The future of gambling in the United States
The future of gambling is online. Because most gaming websites targeting U.K. players are managed in other countries, regulating online gambling offers many challenges.
According to the Health Survey for England in 2012, 68 percent of men and 61 percent of women reported some form of gambling activity in the previous 12 months. Buying tickets for the National Lottery represents the biggest gambling behavior, but more than 40 percent of both sexes reported to other types of betting or gambling.
Problem Gambling In The United States
Whether gambling is legal, illegal, tolerated or regulated, gambling addiction remains in all sorts of society. The NHS estimates that more than half a million people in the United States are currently experiencing problem gambling. A correlation between the growth of online gambling and an increase in gambling was noted.
While the excitement of betting and gambling can produce a “high” similar to the use of drugs, some players become addicted and begin to experience fear, depression and low self-esteem. In addition to financial problems, fraudsters sometimes suffer from criminal behavior such as theft and fraud to support their habit. There has always been a strong connection between gambling and alcoholism. Fortunately, the addition of gambling can be treated through therapy, like drug addiction and alcohol addiction.